Welcome to the second part of our feature on sushi and sashimi! If you missed the first post on sashimi, here it is: A Quick Guide to Sashimi. As mentioned, we’re focusing on sushi this time. For those who love sushi more than sashimi, you probably have your go-to dishes already. But for others who want to know the different types of sushi. just continue reading this post.
What are the main ingredients of sushi? Pretty simple, actually. Sushi is made of vinegared rice (sushi-meshi) and other ingredients (neta) such as seafood. However, there are two popular versions of sushi: Japanese and Western. A few traditional Japanese sushi dishes are the following:
Meaning “scattered sushi”, chirashizushi consists of various sashimi, veggies and also condiments arranged on a bowl of sushi rice. If you want to have a taste of different sashimi, this is perfect for you.
These are small cups of nori (dried seaweed) filled with sushi rice and topped with seafood. Gunkanzushi is also called Gunkan-maki. Gunkan means “boat” so it’s so easy to spot this dish because of its shape. The most common gunkan are topped with fish eggs or sea urchin.
Inarizushi and Oshizushi
Inarizushi are tofu pouches filled with sushi rice which are deep fried. Oshizushi, on the other hand, is pressed sushi using a wooden box (oshibako). Oshi, by the way, means “pushed” or “pressed”.
Makizushi or Norimaki
Maki means “roll”. Makizushi is made by rolling up a sushi using a bamboo mat. Sushi is usually rolled in nori (dried seaweed) or a thin egg omelette and then cut into 6 or 8 pieces. There are Western versions of this dish which are called rolls., the most popular being California Maki roll.
Traditional makizushi also comes in 4 forms: futomaki, uramaki, temaki and hosomaki.
Futomaki (thick roll) is usually made with 2, 3 or more fillings in contrasting colors.
Uramaki (inside-out roll) also has 2 or more fillings but the difference is that the sushi rice is on the outside while the nori is in the inside, thus its name. This maki finds its roots in the US.
Temaki (hand roll) is a large cone made with nori and filled with sushi rice and neta.
Hosomaki (thin roll) typically has only one filling combined with sushi rice.
This is a hand-formed type of sushi using a slice of seafood (neta) and a small mound of rice. Nigirizushi is traditionally eaten with the fingers and the neta side should be the one dipped in soy sauce.
Craving for sushi already? We hope you enjoyed our two-part guide to sushi and sashimi. Go ahead and choose your favorite dish! Arigatou!
Sushi Hokkaido Sachi